STORY BEHIND ON WAAHALKADA

Both economically and politically, the Kingdom of Kandy began to decline after Rajasinha II. With the death of his grandson, Sri Vira Parakrama Narendrasinha (1707-1739), the Sinhala dynasty ended. The throne passed to his brother-in-law, Kirti Sri Rajasinha (1747-1780). The Dutch continued to govern the coastal areas, which they had acquired in the reign of Rajasinha II, but the dissatisfaction of their subjects, added to the growing popularity of Kirti Srirajasinha due to his patronage of Buddhism, culminated in a rebellion in 1760. This prompted the Dutch to invade Kandy, which they held for nine months. The war eventually ended in 1766 with the conclusion of a treaty, which was grossly un favorable to the King of Kandy. Under its terms, the entire maritime belt all around the island came under Dutch rule.

The British saw an opportunity to continue their hostilities against the Dutch and made contacts with the Nayakkar kings. In 1782, Trincomalee was taken by the British but was soon captured by the French, who was held it for a year. The British sent several expeditions, as their predecessors had done, to annex Kandy. They failed for the same reason, but because of the unpopularity of the last Nayakkar king who was described as a ruthless and cruel tyrant, the British found themselves approached by courtiers and chieftains and they aggressively expanded their territorial possessions by a combination of annexation and intervention, a policy that paralleled the approach pursued by Lord Wellesley in India in the early nineteenth century.

This strategy directly threatened the continued existence of the Kingdom of Kandy. Unrest at the Kandyan court between a ruling dynasty of alien, southern Indian antecedents and powerful, indigenous Sinhalese chieftains provided opportunities for British interference. The intrigue of the king's chief minister precipitated the first Kandyan war (1803). With the minister's knowledge, a British force marched on Kandy, but the force was ill prepared for such an ambitious venture and its leaders were misinformed of the extent of the king's unpopularity. The British expedition was at first successful, but on the return march, it was plagued by disease, and the garrison left behind was decimated. During the next decade, no concerted attempt was made to take Kandy. But in 1815 the British had another opportunity. The king had antagonized local Sinhalese chiefs and further alienated the Sinhalese people by actions against Buddhist monks and temple property. In 1815, the Kandyan rebels invited the British to intervene. The governor quickly responded by sending a well-prepared force to Kandy; the king fled with hardly a shot fired.

Waahalkada is a museum, to preview this revival of British to Sri Lanka and invade Sinhalese nation. All the black areas within this restaurant presented Sinhala nation and the white areas are represented British. Actually there is a big story behind this rest and all the pictures and arrangement of it are lead to learn about our heritage.